Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)
As per ISO 11357-1 with this method, a sample and a reference are subjected to a controlled temperature program (heating, cooling or isothermal).
The actual measured properties are the temperature of the sample and the temperature difference between sample and reference. From the raw data signals, the heat flow difference between sample and reference can be determined.
The DSC systems are based on relevant instrument and application standards, e.g., ISO 11357, ASTM E793, ASTM D3895, ASTM D3417, ASTM D3418, DIN 51004, DIN 51007.