13.04.2023 by Aileen Sammler
Solid-State Electrochemical Thermal Transistors – A New Transistor Class with Great Potential
Solid-State Electrochemical Thermal Transistors (SETTs) are a new class of transistors that can regulate the heat flow by exploiting the electrochemical properties of certain materials. They according to the principle of thermo-electrochemical coupling, which allows for the efficient and reversible conversion of electrical energy into thermal energy.
SETTs are becoming more and more important because they have the potential to revolutionize the field of thermal management, which is crucial for many applications such as electronics, energy conversion, and refrigeration. They offer a promising alternative to conventional thermal management that could enable more compact, energy-efficient, and cost-effective thermal management systems.
First Development of a Solid-State Electrochemical Thermal Transistor
Scientists from Hokkaido University have now developed a groundbreaking solid-state electrochemical thermal transistor, which can be used to control the heat flow through electrical signals.
Traditional liquid-state thermal transistors have critical limitations as any leakage will cause the device to stop working. A team, headed by Professor Hiromichi Ohta at the Research Institute for Electronic Science at Hokkaido University, constructed their thermal transistor based on of yttrium oxide-stabilized zirconium oxide, which also acted as the switching material, and used strontium cobalt oxide as active material. Platinum electrodes were employed to supply the power required to control the transistor. The results showed that the Thermal ConductivityThermal conductivity (λ with the unit W/(m•K)) describes the transport of energy – in the form of heat – through a body of mass as the result of a temperature gradient (see fig. 1). According to the second law of thermodynamics, heat always flows in the direction of the lower temperature.thermal conductivity of the active material was comparable to some liquid-state thermal transistors, and the device was stable over ten use cycles, making it more durable than most liquid-state thermal transistors.
Measurements by Means of NETZSCH PicoTR
To measure the Thermal ConductivityThermal conductivity (λ with the unit W/(m•K)) describes the transport of energy – in the form of heat – through a body of mass as the result of a temperature gradient (see fig. 1). According to the second law of thermodynamics, heat always flows in the direction of the lower temperature.thermal conductivity of thermal transistors, the research team used the NETZSCH Time Domain Thermoreflectance method PicoTR. We are very proud to have contributed to this development.
This breakthrough technology offers new possibilities for thermal management in electronics, paving the way for more efficient and reliable devices.
To learn more, download the following research article - a publication in Advanced Functional Materials Journal (Advancedsciencenews.com):